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People travel the world not only to see the beauty created by nature itself. And there is something to see here - after all, a person was able to create many interesting architectural structures.
Tourists come to see interesting buildings and entire streets. Who said that two rows of houses separated by a road cannot become an interesting sight, becoming an important decoration of the city?
Young Street. This street is located in Toronto, Canada, it is listed in the Guinness Book of Records as the longest in the world. Few can compete with Young Street in this, because its length is 1896 kilometers! The street begins in the very center of Toronto, and then stretches from the embankment of Lake Ontario, cutting the city into two equal parts. Then Young Street goes north, skirting Lake Simcoe and reaching the Canadian town of Cochrane. This place is the farthest in the north, as far as the streets of Ontario. Then Young Street turns west and ends only at the border with the United States, on the outskirts of Minnesota.
Interestingly, Young Street has a fascinating history of its own. It was originally an Indian trail. When the settlers began to develop the local lands, they used this paved road. Pioneers and traders traveled along it, troops of the French and British marched. In 1793, Upper Canada's first governor, John Simcoe, made history for his development assistance, urged local residents and roadside owners to expand the road. It became necessary to travel here not just on horseback, but also in carriages and large vans. The created road was named after Sir George Young, and since 1816 large vehicles began to move regularly along it. By the middle of the 19th century, Young Street had become Toronto's main street.
Today it is a modern street with skyscrapers in its central part. Young Street has wide sidewalks, and the subway runs underneath. The street is famous for its abundance of shops, restaurants, bars, clubs and boutiques. For the title of the longest street in the world from Young Street, the Pan American Highway competes. The highway passes through North and South America, passing through the USA, Canada, Mexico, Peru and El Salvador. But it should be borne in mind that this is still a city street, not a highway. In Russia, the longest are the Primorskoe Highway in St. Petersburg (59 kilometers), the Second Longitudinal Highway in Volgograd (50 kilometers) and Kurortny Prospekt in Sochi (10 kilometers).
Lombard Street. Many people come here specifically to visit the most winding street in the world. Located in California, the city of San Francisco is built on numerous and rather steep hills. Although tourists know about this no worse than the townspeople themselves, you can fully feel it only after visiting Lombard Street. Only then will it become clear how uneven the landscape is. The street shows how difficult it was for developers in San Francisco. The street, only 400 meters long, received the title of the most winding in the world, because for such a short distance it manages to turn as many as eight times. At the same time, the turns are quite sharp, at an acute angle.
This tortuousness of Lombard Street is due to the fact that the builders tried to solve the problem with a slope of 27 degrees. After all, a straight-laid road would be too steep. The street begins near the Boulevard of the Military Town and goes east, towards Telegraph Hill. The most popular and famous among tourists is that section of Lombard Street, which resembles the slope of the Russian Hill. At this point, the street most resembles a winding snake. The street looks picturesque, because there is a lot of greenery between the sharp turns. The road itself is lined with red bricks.
True beauty is beauty, but the street solves the transport problems of the city badly. The municipality, even in 2001, decided to ban car traffic here, which is simply dangerous on such a slope. But this plan was postponed by the mayor's office, a special group was created to deal with the problems of urban transport. Lombard Street was made one-way, and cornering speed was limited to 8 km / h. And especially for the convenience of pedestrians, a staircase was built along the descent, which is devoid of the "charm" of so many turns.
Baldwin Street. This street is located in New Zealand in the city of Dunedin, the second largest city in the South Island. The steepest street in the world is located 3.5 kilometers northeast of the city center. It starts from North Road and then climbs all the way to the Buchanan Street intersection. The coolness of Baldwin Street does not lie in the number of luxury mansions or billionaires living on it, this is just not there. We are talking about a banal tilt angle. The length of the street is only 359 meters, for such a distance it manages to climb almost 80 meters. In the lower part, the slope is still quite gentle, allowing the cars to accelerate, but in the steepest part (161 meters) the angle of inclination is 38 degrees! At this distance, the street rises 47 meters.
The story of the appearance of such a street is banal on the one hand, but still unusual on the other. The city of Dunedin appeared in 1848, at that time all plans for the development of the island were approved already in Great Britain itself, without any reference to the area. The British could not even imagine how steep the hills are in New Zealand. The local authorities had no choice but to exactly fulfill the instructions of distant and all-powerful London. So they began to embody exactly the plan of Charles Kettle, who did not even assume that the northeast of the new city was poorly suited for road construction. Baldwin Street was covered with concrete, as the asphalt under the hot southern sun would simply melt and flow down. For pedestrians, much more appropriate stairs were built along the steep sidewalks.
Such an outstanding street has become a venue for various mass events. So, since 1988, Baldwin Street Gutbuster has been running along Baldwin Street. In it, you need to climb to the very top of the street, and then go down from it. Anyone is allowed to participate. And since 2002, a fun charity event called Cadbury Jaffa Race has been held here. From the top of the hill down the street, 30 thousand chocolate balls are launched at once. They only need 15-25 seconds to get to the bottom. The first five candies that fall into the special funnel are considered the winners. Each "participant" has its own number and sponsor.
Gonçalo di Covalho. This street is considered to be the greenest in the world. And let many places boast of their green spaces. Anyway, this street in Brazilian Porto Alegre stands out with bright flower beds and many flowers. From the side, Gonçalo di Covalho looks like a real green tunnel, it is simply not visible under the crowns of green tropical trees. Here vines and moss reign, if it were not for the cars located on the side of the road, one would imagine that you are right in the rainforest. Right on the street, in the crowns of trees, a real monkey colony lives. They were able to settle down in a bustling city and now entertain passers-by with their antics. And this city itself is considered one of the greenest and most beautiful in the country. Surprisingly, during the construction it was possible to preserve old trees, and to harmoniously fit houses and streets into the natural landscape.
Ebenezer Place. This street became famous for being the shortest in the world. In fact, it is so small that it will be difficult for tourists even to find it in the Scottish town of Wick. The length of Ebenezer Place is only 206 centimeters, but this is enough to fit a separate building here. It proudly bears a sign that reads "Ebenezer Place, 1". This is the entrance to Bistro # 1, which is part of the McKase Hotel. A street appeared in 1883, when the building of the very hotel was built, which looked like an elongated trapezoid. Its smaller side has become a separate street. But it wasn't until the 2006 Guinness World Record that the tiny Ebenezer Place appeared on city maps. Until that moment, Elgin Place Street in English Lancashire was considered the shortest with an indicator of 5.2 meters.
Street on July 9th. Buenos Aires, Argentina has the widest street in the world. It takes up a whole block. The street got its name in honor of the Independence Day, which is celebrated in the country on July 9th. The street is so wide that it has 12 lanes for traffic - six in each direction. The width of the avenue is from 230 to 430 meters. Street "July 9" runs through the whole city, there are many sights on it. This is the statue of Don Quixote, two airports at once, the building of the Ministry of Communications and the Republic Square. And in the center of the city and the street there is a high obelisk, next to which a circular movement was started. And the idea of building a wide avenue appeared back in 1899. But the implementation of the plan took place only in 1973. Currently, the authorities of Buenos Aires are considering the idea of completely removing the main traffic underground, where the metro line already runs. Upstairs, the mayor's office wants to leave the pedestrian zone.
Parliamentary street. But several contenders are fighting for the title of the narrowest street in the world. For example, Parliamentary Street in English Exeter is only 64 centimeters wide, the Italian Vicolo della Virilita in Ripatransona has an indicator of 43 centimeters, narrowing in places to 38 centimeters. And in Germany, in the town of Reutlingen, the width of Spreuerhofstrasse ranges from 31 to 43 centimeters. I must say that in the old towns of Europe, such narrow streets are a common norm. And the authorities often give the opportunity to be called streets to ordinary gaps between houses, solely to attract tourists. Of course, these nooks and crannies cannot be considered complete. In Russia, the narrowest is Sheikh Tazhudin Street in Khasavyurt. At its narrowest point, its width is only about a meter.
The road to Giza. This street attracts attention at least for its unusual age - it is the oldest surviving street on Earth. This ancient stone-paved road is located in Egypt. Once, blocks were transported from the quarries along it for the construction of pyramids to the southwestern part of Cairo. The Nile Embankment Street ends. All in all, the road is 12 kilometers long and only 2 meters wide. The age of the legendary street is about 4.6 thousand years.
Princess Grace Avenue. This street surpasses all others in the value of real estate on it. Usually, such ratings take into account the cost of renting retail space. In this regard, Fifth Avenue in New York has no equal. There, rent per square meter will cost 16.7 thousand euros per year. The second place is taken by Coeway Bay in Hong Kong, where a square costs 14.4 thousand euros. In third place is Tokyo, where tenants pay 7.75 thousand euros. And Tverskaya Street in Moscow is only in 14th place in this indicator, on average, commercial real estate rent here costs 3,100 euros per year.
But the most expensive residential property is located on Princess Grace Avenue in Monaco. The street has a pleasant palm tree lane and stretches along the Mediterranean coast. The avenue got its name in honor of Grace Kelly, wife of the ruler of Monaco Rainier III. It was an amazing story when a Hollywood actress became a princess. Recently, a high-profile deal took place here - a four-room apartment with an area of 213 meters changed its owner for $ 41 million. Thus, a square meter of housing costs 190 thousand dollars, which is a record. Apartments on this avenue are rarely sold. Very rich people live here, but the housing itself is considered so prestigious that even the heirs of billionaires are in no hurry to get rid of it.
And the second place in the list of the most expensive streets in the world was taken by Chemines de San Hospice in Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat, on the French Riviera. Here a square meter of housing costs about 100 thousand dollars.