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Antibiotics

Antibiotics



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Antibiotics are substances of biological origin. These substances are synthesized by microorganisms. For a person, the meaning of antibiotics is to suppress the growth of viruses, microbes, bacteria, in addition, a considerable number of antibiotics are able to kill microbes that have entered the body.

Antibacterial agents are also sometimes referred to as antibiotics. A feature of antibiotics is the specificity of their action. Each type of microbes is not susceptible to all antibiotics, that is, a certain antibiotic can only affect certain microbes.

This feature served as the basis for the classification of antibiotics into antibiotics with a narrow spectrum of action (they suppress microbes of one group) and broad (affect a variety of microbes). For example, erythromycin is able to suppress the vital activity of only gram-positive bacteria, but tetracycline - both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria.

Antibiotics are designed to help treat infectious diseases. The most important thing is that antibiotics do not have a destructive effect on the cells of the host's body, but at the same time, those microorganisms that caused this or that disease felt on themselves.

For a very long period of time, the problem of all mankind was the problem of combating diseases caused by microorganisms. Even a century after the fact of the relationship between pathogenic bacteria and infectious diseases was scientifically proven, there were no effective means of combating these diseases. Those drugs that were used as antibacterials were characterized by a high degree of toxicity and a relatively low degree of effectiveness.

Actually antibiotics appeared only in the forties of the twentieth century. Infectious diseases could now be treated with these drugs. The uniqueness of antibiotics led to the fact that if there was any suspicion of an infection in the body, the patient was immediately prescribed them. However, it was quickly discovered that bacteria, after a while, began to develop resistance to one or another antibacterial agent. Dysbacteriosis, allergies and similar side effects have also accompanied the use of antibiotics.

Antibiotic myths

Antibiotics and antibacterial agents are synonymous. Not all antibacterial agents are antibiotics. First, antibiotics can be obtained by semi-synthetic methods. Secondly, they can be synthesized by microorganisms. Those drugs that are completely synthetic cannot be considered antibiotics. This kind of antibacterial agents include, for example, furazolidone, nevigramone, biseptol, nitroxoline, furacilin, etc. However, in the medical literature one can often find an understanding of the antibiotic as any antimicrobial agent.

The use of antibiotics is very harmful to the body. Indeed, the use of antibiotics is often accompanied by the appearance of negative side effects, but, reasoning in this way, many people refuse these antibacterial agents even in serious condition. This should never be done. Special drugs are designed to reduce the risk of developing dysbiosis and allergies. They are used together with antibiotics to suppress many of the side effects of antibiotics. Tavegil, suprastin, acylact, bificol and other drugs are just such drugs. After the operation, including, antibiotics are often prescribed.
It is important to understand that antibiotics will never develop dependence and without them treatment of many serious diseases (for example, with intoxication and sepsis) is impossible. Pneumonia, tonsillitis, pyelonephritis - also in most cases require antibiotic treatment, otherwise serious complications are possible. If, with sinusitis, pneumonia, you do not prescribe a course of antibiotics, then these diseases can become chronic and cause the spread of infection throughout the body (for example, to the urinary tract). In addition, only antibiotic treatment can improve the quality of life of a patient with some chronic diseases (for example, chlamydia, mycoplasma lung infection, etc.). If sore throat is not treated with antibiotics, then this will probably affect the work of the kidneys and heart (possible complications - glomerulonephritis from the kidneys, myocarditis, rheumatism from the heart).

Antibiotic treatment is most effective. In part, this circumstance is also a delusion. At present, the human body is increasingly responding to antibiotics by the appearance of various allergies. This fact leads to the fact that antibiotics themselves cease to occupy a leading position in the ranking of the most effective drugs, and immunotherapy becomes their replacement. Now it seems much more important to strengthen the immune system and the body as a whole with the help of such drugs, which are increasingly competing with antibiotics in pharmacies.

Any infectious disease can be treated with antibiotics. It's a delusion. Taking antibiotics for those diseases that are of a viral nature (and this is an essential part of respiratory diseases) is pointless, as in the case of some other infectious diseases. Viruses that cause acute respiratory diseases (in the people, in other words, the common cold or in abbreviated acute respiratory infections), can not be killed either by antibacterial agents in general, or by antibiotics in particular. Such common drugs as biseptol (refers to antibacterial drugs), as well as oxacillin, erythromycin, ampicillin (refers to antibiotics) are not able to kill the virus. Chickenpox, rubella, influenza, hepatitis and other diseases are of a viral nature and do not require antibiotic treatment. These drugs may become necessary in cases where bacterial complications occur.
Worms, fungi (which are pathogens of infectious diseases), as well as giardia, amoeba and other protozoa are immune to antibiotics.
Antibiotics can be used not for the entire course of treatment, but only during an exacerbation. This is largely due to chronic infections. For example, pyelonephritis. After a course of antibiotics, in this case, antibacterial drugs of completely synthetic origin are usually prescribed, which give a greater result in combination with herbal medicine.
Antibiotic therapy may well not help with tetanus, botulism and diphtheria if the treatment of these diseases does not include the administration of antitoxic sera. The latter measure is a mandatory and essential part of treatment, since these diseases cause bacterial toxins.
Antibiotics have a suppressive effect on the intestinal microflora. In this regard, it is absolutely not recommended to treat intestinal dysbiosis with antibiotics.

Childhood is a contraindication to antibiotic treatment. Incorrect, but common, judgment. One should not hesitate in prescribing these antibacterial drugs if there are indications for it, otherwise the disease can give serious complications. Although caution in prescribing antibiotics to young children is still necessary. Nevertheless, in no case should one experiment on the health of a child through treatment with traditional medicine - this is fraught with consequences.

You should always keep in your home medicine cabinet the antibiotic that once helped in the treatment of a particular disease. Each antibiotic is characterized by a selective effect on a specific group (or groups) of bacteria; and even if the clinical pictures of diseases are very similar to each other, their causative agents can be completely different. For example, in the treatment of pneumonia, which is caused by staphylococci, the use of penicillin is effective. However, if the patient has a cough, then, first of all, it is necessary to find out its cause. One of them may be mycoplasma - penicillin in this case will not help at all. Moreover, bacteria are able to adapt to one or another antibiotic, in this regard, its repeated appointment may not lead to a positive result.

A couple of days of antibiotic treatment is enough for recovery. Usually, many people think so, independently canceling the prescribed drug - as soon as there is an improvement in well-being. However, this does not take into account the fact that it is the duration of treatment with one or another antibacterial agent that is extremely important for the patient. Stopping this treatment early can cause the infection to become sluggish. Such a combination of circumstances is fraught with the development of complications such as kidney and heart damage. It should also be remembered that long-term antibiotic treatment, which is not accompanied by effectiveness, can lead to allergic reactions and dysbiosis.

Self-medication with antibiotics can be effective. Rare case. Taking antibiotics should be discussed with your doctor. Depending on the causative agent of the disease, a specific antibiotic is selected. It is important to choose the right dose to avoid toxic and other side effects. It is equally important not only to prescribe an antibiotic, but also to cancel it in time. If you do not take into account the latter circumstance, then the microorganisms will develop resistance to the drug. In view of this, a doctor's consultation is necessary.
Concomitant diseases, age are also taken into account when prescribing a dose of an antibacterial agent. The dose is always selected individually, so you should not rely on those average parameters that are indicated in the description of the drug. Moreover, the immediate condition for the effectiveness is the fact that the selected antibiotic arrives at the place of direct localization of the microorganism.

With food poisoning, antibiotics will come to the rescue. Antibiotics have no effect on the bacterial poisons that occur in case of poisoning (characteristic features are vomiting, indigestion, abdominal pain, nausea). Treatment of food poisoning with antibiotics can lead to diarrhea. More preferred actions are the intake of activated charcoal and gastric lavage. As for diarrhea, it occurs, firstly, due to indigestion as a result of allergic reactions to the drug from the intestines and stomach, and secondly, the use of antibiotics leads to the destruction, including of beneficial microbes. In view of all this, the use of antibiotics for poisoning is often accompanied by colitis and enterocolitis (due to indigestion), as well as intestinal dysbiosis (due to the death of beneficial microbes that live on the intestinal mucosa). At the same time, abdominal discomfort is a guaranteed phenomenon. If antibiotics are medically necessary, then treatment should include the concurrent use of levorin or nystatin. Such an antifungal agent will avoid many of the negative effects.

Side effects are significantly less when taking antimicrobial agents that are not antibiotics. It all depends on whether the person is being treated himself or consults with a doctor, coordinating treatment with him. Biseptol in some cases leads to dysbiosis and allergies much more often than a well-chosen antibiotic. Sulfonamides (which, besides biseptol, include sulfadimezine, sulfalene and other drugs) quickly cease to be effective. Microbes develop resistance to this drug almost immediately. Moreover, the kidneys and liver are often toxic to fully synthetic drugs.
Antibiotic therapy should never be feared. But medical supervision is necessary. Only a specialist consultation will help to take into account all contraindications and indications and determine the choice of the correct treatment.

Hot milk is ideal with a prescribed antibiotic. This is not so, this product should be washed down exclusively with water, and in considerable quantities. Only in this case will the antibiotic be able to completely dissolve and enter the bloodstream. If you drink an antibiotic with milk, then the medicine will not produce any positive effect. The fact is that milk neutralizes the effect of the antibacterial drug.

Mold on food is good. Thinking in this way, people assume that mold is penicillin. However, not all molds are capable of producing penicillin. This only applies to green mold. But even if it appeared on food, the latter should not be eaten. It should be remembered that antibiotics of the penicillin series are characterized by possible severe allergic reactions, which, moreover, develop extremely quickly. Allergic rhinitis, urticaria, laryngeal edema - all this can be a reaction to penicillin. However, the worst consequence of unreasonable "treatment" is anaphylactic shock. It can also be caused at first glance (often only at first) harmless mold on cheese, bread and other products. Anaphylactic shock develops with lightning speed and is fraught with death. In this regard, in no case should you eat foods on which there is a whitish-green color.
In order to increase the duration of storage of meat carcasses in meat processing plants, it is sometimes practiced to introduce huge doses of antibiotics into them - contrary to popular belief, antibiotics remain in meat during cooking and, moreover, in the process of cutting meat. Particular attention should be paid to cleanliness in the home. Mold in an apartment should not become an "interior element".

The high price of an antibiotic is a guarantee of effectiveness. Microbial insensitivity can develop to both an expensive antibiotic and a relatively inexpensive drug. Irrational use of antibacterial agents (even the most expensive ones) often does not lead to a cure. A cheap but reliable remedy prescribed by a doctor is much more effective in this case. The latest drugs, to which microbial resistance has not yet developed, can be useful in case of any serious illness. And for the treatment of minor diseases, doctors, as a rule, prescribe relatively antibacterial drugs.


Watch the video: Restoring Gut Health After Antibiotic Use - Dr. Tom OBryan (August 2022).